Chicago Workers’ Compensation: What Every Employee and Employer Should Know

When it comes to work-related injuries, workers’ compensation insurance is designed to protect both employers and employees. In Chicago, just like in other states, workers’ compensation laws provide coverage for medical expenses, lost wages, and other benefits for employees who are injured or become ill while on the job. It can be tricky to navigate the workers’ compensation system; both employees and employers need to be informed of their rights and obligations.

What is Workers’ Compensation?


Definition and Purpose of Workers’ Compensation

Workers’ compensation is a sort of insurance that offers benefits to workers who are hurt or become ill while doing their jobs. It is designed to protect both employers and employees, providing medical care and wage replacement benefits to employees and protecting employers from lawsuits resulting from workplace injuries.

Benefits of Workers’ Compensation

In Chicago, workers’ compensation benefits may include medical care, wage replacement, disability benefits, and vocational rehabilitation. Employees may be eligible for these benefits regardless of who was at fault for the injury. Benefits may be paid by the employer’s insurance company or by the Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission.

What Qualifies for a Claim?

Injuries and illnesses that qualify for workers’ compensation will vary slightly based on the claimant’s occupation. Some examples include:

  1. Slip and fall accidents: These can occur when a worker slips or trips on a wet or uneven surface, resulting in injuries such as broken bones, sprains, or head injuries.
  2. Repetitive motion injuries: These can occur when a worker performs the same motion repeatedly, leading to conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome or tendinitis.
  3. Back injuries: These can occur when a worker lifts heavy objects or performs other physically demanding tasks, resulting in strains, sprains, or herniated discs.
  4. Burns: These can occur when a worker comes into contact with hot surfaces, chemicals, or flames, resulting in injuries such as first-degree burns or more severe third-degree burns.
  5. Machinery accidents: These can occur when a worker’s hand or limb becomes caught in machinery or when machinery malfunctions, resulting in injuries such as amputations or crush injuries.
  6. Car accidents: These can occur when workers are required to drive for work-related purposes, such as delivering goods or traveling to meetings, resulting in injuries such as whiplash or broken bones.
  7. Assaults or violent incidents: These can occur in jobs that involve working with the public, such as healthcare workers or teachers, resulting in injuries such as bruises, cuts, or fractures.
  8. Occupational diseases: These are illnesses that develop over time due to exposure to toxins or other hazardous substances in the workplace, such as lung disease caused by exposure to asbestos.
  9. Repetitive stress injuries: These develop over time due to repetitive motions or movements, such as carpal tunnel syndrome in office workers who use a computer mouse all day.
  10. Mental health conditions: These can include conditions such as anxiety, depression, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that are caused by work-related stress or traumatic events.
  11. Infectious diseases: These can include illnesses such as hepatitis or HIV that are contracted due to exposure to infected bodily fluids or other hazardous materials in the workplace.
  12. Hearing loss: This can be caused by exposure to loud noises in the workplace, such as in factories or construction sites.

If you think an injury or illness should be covered, contact an experienced Chicago personal injury attorney for a free consultation.

Who is Covered by Workers’ Compensation?


Employees Covered by Workers’ Compensation

Most employees in Illinois are covered by workers’ compensation insurance, including full-time and part-time employees, seasonal workers, and temporary workers. However, workers’ compensation insurance generally does not cover independent contractors and volunteers.

Employers Covered by Workers’ Compensation

In Illinois, most employers are required to carry workers’ compensation insurance. This includes all employers with at least one employee, with a few exceptions.

How to File a Workers’ Compensation Claim in Chicago?


Reporting an Injury or Illness

Employees who are injured on the job should report the injury or illness to their manager or employer as soon as possible. Failure to report the injury or illness within the required time frame may result in a denial of benefits.

Filing a Claim

Whenever an employee is hurt at work, they can make a claim with the Illinois Workers’ Compensation Commission or the insurance provider for their employer. The claim should be filed within the required time frame and should include all necessary documentation and information.

Employer Responsibilities Under Workers’ Compensation Law


Providing Insurance Coverage

Illinois employers must provide workers’ compensation insurance coverage for their employees. This is part of Illinois law— failure to do so may result in fines and penalties.

Providing Information to Employees

Employers are also required to provide information about workers’ compensation insurance to their employees, including information about how to report an injury or illness, how to file a claim, and what benefits are available.

Employee Rights Under Workers’ Compensation Law

Right to Medical Care

Employees who are injured on the job have the right to receive medical care related to their injury or illness, including doctor visits, hospital stays, and other necessary medical treatment.

Right to Wage Replacement

Employees who are unable to work due to a work-related injury or illness may be entitled to wage replacement benefits, including temporary total disability benefits, permanent partial disability benefits, or permanent total disability benefits.

Why Hiring a Workers Compensation Attorney Can Make All the Difference?


If you have been injured on the job and are filing a workers’ compensation claim in Chicago, hiring an experienced workers’ compensation attorney can make all the difference in the outcome of your case. While some workers may choose to navigate the workers’ compensation system on their own, there are several benefits to working with an attorney. Employers should also recognize that working with an attorney does not mean an employee intends to sue. Rather, they are seeking help navigating a complicated system full of insurance adjustors who are more interested in protecting their bottom line than helping the employee.

Firstly, a workers’ compensation attorney can help ensure you receive all the benefits you are entitled to under Illinois law. They can review your claim and medical records to ensure that your injuries are fully documented and that you receive the appropriate medical treatment. They can also help you negotiate a fair settlement with your employer’s insurance company.

Secondly, an attorney can provide legal representation and advocacy throughout the workers’ compensation process. They can help prepare and file your claim, communicate with the insurance company and their attorneys, and represent you at any hearings or appeals.

Thirdly, an attorney can provide valuable legal advice and guidance throughout the workers’ compensation process. They can help you understand your legal rights and responsibilities and ensure you comply with all requirements and deadlines. They can also help you understand the potential outcomes of your case and advise you on the best course of action.